Development and Applications of Cyberinfrastructure in Smart Cities
Speaker：Dr. Fang-Pang Lin
Speaker profile：Senior Research Scientist, National Center for High Performance Computing, National Applied Research Laboratories
Taiwan has been developing cyberinfrastructure for more than a decade. The unique feature is its centralized controlled infrastructure, which incorporates 100G backbone research network, Peta-scale storage and compute facilities. Yet, the facilities are physically distributed at 3 locations across the island. The virtually centralized, yet physically distributed, provides a better synthesized cyberinfrastructure for innovative applications, such as IoT in the cloud. The early effort can be traced back to 2003, in which grid computing, which intends to consolidate distributed high performance computers into a single transparent one. There were two major emphsises – fast cycles and high through-put, which are correspondent to compute and data respectively. It leads to the development of integration of sensors, sensor networks with HPC in Taiwan. In National Center for High-Performance Computing, we planned, built and operates such cyberinfrastructure as well as developed and demonstrated possible innovative applications. To list a few outstanding ones, there are the SARS Grid, which connected medical centers of Taiwan and provide virtual medical consultancy in time across different cities, Ecological Observational Grid, which connected 6 major long term obervational ecological research sites across the island, and Disaster Mitigation Grid, which deployed and connect national-wise river mointoring field stations. Their impacts has been well recognized. Our previous experience in cyberinfrastrcuture and its enabled applications is inevitably leads to the current trends on IoT in the cloud and AI-based Big Data Analytics. Also, issues on system of systems and software defined architecture are all become even more crucial. In this presentation, we will introduce our cyberinfrastrcuture development and its IoT applications, including current extention on smart cities in domains of energy, traffics, disaster and health. The intersection of the domains is centered on how to form a better smart and connected communties. We will share our collaborative approach to tackle these issues and also address the future challange for such a cyberinfrastructure.